Translation Quality is one the significant aspects in translation studies. The scholars who work in this field try to find the factors that affect the quality of translation. This book focused on metacognition as one of the discussable criteria in translation quality. The study was carried out to investigate whether awareness of metacognitive strategies has any influence on translation quality level. While translators are aware of their metacognitive strategies, they can benefit the interaction from these strategies to improve the quality of translation. The book contains useful information about Metacognitive strategies, knowledge of cognition, cognitive regulation, and problem solving. The findings in this book can affect the translator training programs to make learners more autonomous and to teach them the skills and strategies, which accelerate their translation performance and increase quality in translation tasks.