Identifying areas for training in professional disciplines is important in training competent health professionals.With new ideas, new trends and management of diseases,current practices in health, curriculum developers and educators need to focus on training competent health professionals.The book describe how competencies for training Physiotherapists were identified and derived from broad areas of competences. The book targets curriculum planners and developers in Health professions program,training institutions in developing world, medical educators, researchers and physiotherapists involved in education and health professional training. A curriculum for training Physiotherapists should be flexible in order to cope with new knowledge and with current technological innovations and changes in health practices. When new areas for training are identified and for additions into the existing curriculum, training at higher level is recommended. Current innovations in teaching and learning methods is recommended. The training should prepare health professionals to be competent and lifelong learners.Suggestions on how to implement a competency-based curriculum is also presented.