The benefit of scientific medical peer-reviewed writing and publication is to document scientific facts, practices, and new hypothesis and to apply proven facts to patient care by challenging the current practices and subjecting them to the judgment of peers. In this way the scientific knowledge is advanced contributing to improved patient care, medical and health practices. The New Iraqi Journal of Medicine was founded in 2005 and became the official journal of the Iraqi Ministry of Health and Iraq headquarter of Copernicus Scientists International Panel. The aim of this book is to publish the scientific articles published in "The New Iraqi Journal of Medicine" Volume two, 2006. In this issue, authors from India contributed to the journal. The journal published articles in the fields of medical education, psychiatry, general surgery, Anatomy, nephrology, infectious disorders and health management.