Follow me in this sequel to Inside the Shadow in Jaffa Gate. The Temple Mount is located inside Jerusalem's walled Old City neighborhood. The Old City is one of many neighborhoods that comprise modern Jerusalem. Up to the late 19th century, when overcrowding led to new neighborhoods outside the walls, Jerusalem was comprised of only the walled city that had existed for almost 3000 years. Today The Old City has over 30,000 residents. It is sited on the uneven crest of the Judean Hills that divides a descent to the east, to the Dead Sea and Jordan, from a descent to the west, to the Mediterranean Sea Coast of Israel. The Old City consists of residential areas and bazaars spread about in four quarters. There is an Armenian Christian Quarter, a Western Christian Quarter, a Moslem Quarter and a Jewish Quarter. The Temple Mount is a rocky plateau sitting inside and next to The Old City walls on the east and south sides, adjacent to The Moslem Quarter on the north side and The Jewish Quarter on the west side. It was the site of the Jewish Temples for over 1000 years.