Lithuania - one of the Baltic States, is experiencing many problems regarding energy. Its dependency on Russia's gas is the main problem. As part of EU Lithuania has advantages, but from its membership beginning it still has problems in finding common vision with EU regarding energy security and accordingly implement energy projects. Both, EU generally and Lithuania needs to import oil and gas from Middle East, North Africa, Norway, Russia and Central Asia. From all these regions so far just Russia's gas and oil have reached Lithuania. Therefore Lithuania is in so called "Energy Island" and is in search for escape and mitigation of consequences it causes. The book aims to disclose how much EU is influential in mentioned issue and if Lithuania could be one of countries to be benefiting from Caspian region imports? In order to find the answer this work gives analysis of Lithuania's as small country's situation: internal problems, current projects and plans. EU internal matters expose existing discrepancies among member countries perception of energy security and lack of good comprehensive strategies for diversification of supplies. Last part investigates Caspian region energy situation.