Agricultural growth plays an important role in achieving certain national goals, such as reducing rural poverty, supplying raw materials to major industries. Knowledge about growth drivers in agriculture and their relative importance in different parts with different agro- climatic conditions is desirable for effective planning at regional level. The growth drivers have relevance in deciding programmes of agricultural development and priority areas of investment in agriculture. The quantitative assessment of the contribution of the various factors to growth of the crop output at the state or regional level is helpful in reorienting the programmes and priorities of agricultural development.The study was based on time series data of area, production and productivity of Vidarbha region crops. Compound growth rate (C. G. R. %) of area, production and productivity and instability index was used to study the growth and instability of Vidarbha region crops.Study concluded that area and production of cash crops, (Soybean, Sunflower, Cotton, Tur) increased.Area and production of soybean was increased at highest rate.Productivity of all crops did not illustrate any drastic change.