Malnutrition remains a serious obstacle to child survival, growth and development in Nepal. The purpose of this book is to accesses nutritional status of under-five children so that an actual picture of undernourished under-five children can be represented for Nepal.Different indicators and factors affecting under-five nutrition i.e. mortality, morbidity, malnutrition, micronutrient deficiency, food security, poverty, maternal education, exclusive breastfeeding, health care services, internal conflict and political instability, water and sanitation, household composition and food habits were discussed in this book. Basically,this book is useful for the students,academicians and professionals working in the sector of public health, nutrition and related disciplines. This book is equally useful for INGOs, NGOs working in Nepal and someone who keeps interest in the issues of nutrition among under five children.