50 years after the independence of the Belgian Congo, the various sections of this work approach an analysis of the economic reconstruction of the country and the role that Belgium still plays in its former colony, whether they are economical, political or symbolic. The Democratic Republic of Congo is the most populated country of central Africa. The DRC is well-known for the extreme richness of its soils and sub-soils. Through its history, the DRC did not reach the development level it should have due to a lot of mismanagement and a culture of personal interests. Many countries are settled in the DRC, thirsty by the strategic stake the country represents. In June 2010, the King of Belgium has been to the ceremony of the 50th anniversary of the independence of the DRC. Both countries have this feeling that there is still a link between them and Congolese population is very careful about what their former colonizers think. It remains there a feeling of dependence regarding Belgium and both countries are not yet healed from this independence. Both countries have to have adult relations and to restart co-operation treating each other as an equal to think about the future.