The first attempt of literature in Post-Ideology China has more than ever assumed a social function, a violent denounce of what was produced until then. The New Era opens with a shy quest for identity. As the best way to penetrate history is through comparison, the only possible approach to decode contemporary China is to compare it to a different reality. Reading Scar Literature through Existentialist lens will introduce the reader to a different application of Modernism, not anymore as a reaction to the crisis of Positivism but as a reaction to Maoism. And if the hypothesis of an existentialist reading of Scar Literature is valid, Nietzschean admirers will not be disappointed, history has repeated it self once more.